15 mai 2011

Une ville libertarienne ! Économie En Vidéos États-Unis Philosophie

L’un des arguments les plus souvent avancés par les détracteurs de la pensée libertarienne veut que cette philosophie soit utopiste parce qu’il n’existerait aucun modèle de société libertarienne.

Ce à quoi je réponds: Sandy Springs, Georgie !

Sandy Springs, Georgia: The City that Outsourced Everything

While cities across the country are cutting services, raising taxes and contemplating bankruptcy, something extraordinary is happening in a suburban community just north of Atlanta, Georgia.

Since incorporating in 2005, Sandy Springs has improved its services, invested tens of millions of dollars in infrastructure and kept taxes flat. And get this: Sandy Springs has no long-term liabilities.

This is the story of Sandy Springs, Georgia—the city that outsourced everything.

15 mai 2011

Les anti-libertariens n’ont aucune culture Coup de gueule Économie Philosophie

Il est souvent étonnant de constater que les plus grands défenseurs de la culture sont ceux qui en ont le moins…

Simon Jodoin est un grand défenseur de la culture, mais quand il parle de la philosophie libertarienne, on voit plutôt une personne qui souffre d’une certaine carence culturelle.

Par exemple, dans un texte anti-libertarien, Simon Jodoin accuse les libertariens de faire de l’économie une science: « Économie : Science qui permet de comprendre non seulement la totalité des comportements humains mais aussi le mouvement des planètes. »

Pourtant, les libertariens ont toujours dénoncé ceux qui ont voulu faire de l’économie une science, nommément les keynésiens.

Voici un extrait du discours de FA Hayek, qu’il a prononcé lors de l’acceptation de son prix Nobel d’économie:

Friedrich Hayek

« It seems to me that this failure of the economists to guide policy more successfully is closely connected with their propensity to imitate as closely as possible the procedures of the brilliantly successful physical sciences – an attempt which in our field may lead to outright error. It is an approach which has come to be described as the ‘scientistic’ attitude – an attitude which, as I defined it some thirty years ago, is decidedly unscientific in the true sense of the word, since it involves a mechanical and uncritical application of habits of thought to fields different from those in which they have been formed. […]

Unlike the position that exists in the physical sciences, in economics and other disciplines that deal with essentially complex phenomena, the aspects of the events to be accounted for about which we can get quantitative data are necessarily limited and may not include the important ones. While in the physical sciences it is generally assumed, probably with good reason, that any important factor which determines the observed events will itself be directly observable and measurable, in the study of such complex phenomena as the market, which depend on the actions of many individuals, all the circumstances which will determine the outcome of a process will hardly ever be fully known or measurable. »

15 mai 2011

Gaz de shale: le flip-flop des écologistes Environnement États-Unis Revue de presse

Reason Magazine

Environmentalists Were For Fracking Before They Were Against It
Reason Magazine

Given its greenhouse gas benefits, environmental activists initially welcomed shale gas. For example, in August 2009 prominent liberals Timothy Wirth and John Podesta, writing on behalf of the Energy Future Coalition, hailed shale gas as “a bridge fuel to a 21st-century energy economy that relies on efficiency, renewable sources, and low-carbon fossil fuels such as natural gas.” The same year, environmentalist Robert Kennedy, Jr., head of the Waterkeeper Alliance, declared in the Financial Times, “In the short term, natural gas is an obvious bridge fuel to the ‘new’ energy economy.”

That was then, but this is now. Practically en masse, the herd of independent minds that constitutes the environmentalist community has now collectively decided that natural gas is a “bridge to nowhere.” Why? In his excellent overview, The Shale Gas Shock, published last week by the London-based Global Warming Policy Foundation, journalist Matt Ridley explains: “As it became apparent that shale gas was a competitive threat to renewable energy as well as to coal, the green movement has turned against shale.”

And indeed natural gas is cheaper than renewable sources of energy even if one includes the costs of carbon capture and sequestration.