Brandenburg Reagan

Le 12 juin 1987, Ronald Reagan a prononcé son discours le plus célèbre. Devant la porte de Brandebourg, jouxtant le Mur de Berlin, Reagan c’est exclamé « Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall ». Il est a noté que l’entourage de Reagan, dont Colin Powell, désirait rayer cette phrase du discours, la jugeant trop agressive. Le 9 novembre 1989, il y a 20 ans, le Mur de Berlin tombait.

« In the 1950s, Khrushchev predicted: ‘We will bury you.’ But in the West today, we see a free world that has achieved a level of prosperity and well-being unprecedented in all human history. In the Communist world, we see failure, technological backwardness, declining standards of health, even want of the most basic kind–too little food. Even today, the Soviet Union still cannot feed itself. After these four decades, then, there stands before the entire world one great and inescapable conclusion: Freedom leads to prosperity. Freedom replaces the ancient hatreds among the nations with comity and peace. Freedom is the victor. […]

General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall! »