In rich countries, the biggest killers are strokes, heart attacks and cancer, accounting for more than two-thirds of all deaths. But for the poorer world, people often assume that infectious diseases like diarrhea, tuberculosis, Aids, malaria, measles and tetanus are the biggest killers. That is no longer true. While they are still substantial threats, broader availability of medication and vaccines along with higher living standards has caused such communicable diseases to drop dramatically to below 9 million deaths each year.
For the first time, more people in the developing world now die from strokes and heart attacks than infectious diseases. Combined, the diseases that are not infectious – the so-called non-communicable diseases or NCDs – cause almost two-thirds of all deaths in the developing world, about 23 million each year. In short, the poor are dying more and more like the rich.
The good news is that there are tremendous ways to help, which could avoid up to five million deaths each year. Because the NCDs generally have received less attention, the solutions are often very effective and very cheap.
About a billion people on the planet suffer from high blood pressure, causing 9 million deaths. This is not just a disease of the rich world – it affects 46% of African adults. The cost of diagnosis and cheap hypertension medication would be $2.50 per year per capita, so helping the higher-risk patients would cost $500m but avoid 770,000 premature deaths each year. Every dollar invested would do $47 of good.
Parions qu’il y aura des gens à gauche pour dire qu’ils s’ennuient du bon vieux temps où les gens mouraient à 12 ans de dysenterie dans les pays pauvres eu lieu de mourir à 60 ans d’une crise de coeur…