25 juin 2015

On ne copie pas Silicon Valley ! Économie États-Unis Revue de presse

The New York Times

Aided by the Sea, Israel Overcomes an Old Foe: Drought
The New York Times

European countries have tried to replicate the critical mass of a Silicon Valley with technology centers like Oxford Science Park in Britain, “Silicon Allee” in Berlin and Isar Valley in Munich, and “Silicon Docks” in Dublin.

They all want a Silicon Valley,” Jacob Kirkegaard, a Danish economist and senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, told me this week. “But none of them can match the scale and focus on the new and truly innovative technologies you have in the United States. Europe and the rest of the world are playing catch-up, to the great frustration of policy makers there.”

There are institutional and structural barriers to innovation in Europe, like smaller pools of venture capital and rigid employment laws that restrict growth. But both Mr. Kirkegaard and Professor Moser, while noting that there are always individual exceptions to sweeping generalities about Europeans and Americans, said that the major barriers were cultural.

Often overlooked in the success of American start-ups is the even greater number of failures. “Fail fast, fail often” is a Silicon Valley mantra, and the freedom to innovate is inextricably linked to the freedom to fail. In Europe, failure carries a much greater stigma than it does in the United States. Bankruptcy codes are far more punitive, in contrast to the United States, where bankruptcy is simply a rite of passage for many successful entrepreneurs.

Europeans are also much less receptive to the kind of truly disruptive innovation represented by a Google or a Facebook, Mr. Kirkegaard said. He cited the example of Uber, the ride-hailing service that despite its German-sounding name is a thoroughly American upstart. Uber has been greeted in Europe like the arrival of a virus, and its reception says a lot about the power of incumbent taxi operators.

Message à tous les politiciens (il y a en a au Québec) qui pensent pouvoir recréer Silicon Valley à grand coup de subventions et de crédit d’impôt, ça ne fonctionne pas !

Silicon Valley ne pourra jamais être recréée par des politiciens puisque la pierre angulaire sur laquelle Silicon Valley s’est construite, ce n’est pas quelque chose que l’on peut reproduire par des politiques fiscales. Silicon Valley c’est d’abord et avant tout une culture qui a pu s’épanouir dans un environnement à l’abri des politiciens…

24 juin 2015

La petitesse des nationaleux Coup de gueule Économie Europe Gauchistan Revue de presse

Bloomberg BusinessWeek

Barcelona’s Mayor to Tourists: Go Away
Bloomberg BusinessWeek

Barcelona boasts dazzling architecture, fabulous food, abundant sunshine, and a stylish, laid-back vibe. No wonder a record 7.6 million people are expected to visit Barcelona this year. It’s now the third most visited city in Europe, behind London and Paris, and ranks No. 12 worldwide, according to the MasterCard Global Destination Cities Index released on June 3.

Barcelona Mayor-elect Ada Colau Ballano doesn’t think this is good news. Colau, who leads a coalition of environmentalists and social activists that won municipal elections in May, says the tourism surge is making the city uninhabitable for its 1.7 million residents.

Local authorities have tried to control the swarms. They require time-restricted entry tickets for such top attractions as Gaudi’s Parc Güell and the Sagrada Familia cathedral and forbid tour groups from entering La Boqueria during peak shopping times. But Colau wants to go even further. She told the newspaper El Pais on June 1 that she will place a moratorium on approving new hotel rooms and short-term rentals and will develop a plan to ensure that Barcelona doesn’t « end up like Venice. »

Barcelona’s situation isn’t yet that extreme. For one thing, it’s much bigger than Venice. Public-opinion surveys show that residents are overwhelmingly pro-tourism, except for those living in a few heavily trafficked neighborhoods, says Greg Richards, a professor at the NHTV Breda University in the Netherlands who has studied Barcelona tourism. « There is no sign of a tipping point » at which the costs of tourism could outweigh its benefits, he says. Visitors spend $13.9 billion annually in Barcelona, and the tourist industry supports an estimated 100,000 jobs.

Barcelone c’est le coin de l’Espagne rempli de nationaleux et de séparatistes. De plus, la nouvelle mairesse de Barcelone est une radicale de gauche…

Bref, Barcelone c’est pas mal comme le Québec (le soleil et l’architecture en moins…).

Au Québec ou en Catalogne, le nationalisme crée de petits territoires, peuplés par de petites nations qui brassent de petites économies. Le nationalisme, c’est le credo des gens nés pour un p’tit pain et l’évangile des gens fermés sur le monde…

23 juin 2015

L’arnaque du recyclage Économie Environnement États-Unis Revue de presse

The Washington Post

American recycling is stalling, and the big blue bin is one reason why
The Washington Post

Once a profitable business for cities and private employers alike, recycling in recent years has become a money-sucking enterprise. The District, Baltimore and many counties in between are contributing millions annually to prop up one of the nation’s busiest facilities here in Elkridge, Md. — but it is still losing money. In fact, almost every facility like it in the country is running in the red. And Waste Management and other recyclers say that more than 2,000 municipalities are paying to dispose of their recyclables instead of the other way around.

In short, the business of American recycling has stalled. And industry leaders warn that the situation is worse than it appears.

The Houston-based company’s recycling division posted a loss of nearly $16 million in the first quarter of the year. In recent months, it has shut nearly one in 10 of its biggest recycling facilities. An even larger percentage of its plants may go dark in the next 12 months, Steiner said.

The problems of recycling in America are both global and local. A storm of falling oil prices, a strong dollar and a weakened economy in China have sent prices for American recyclables plummeting worldwide.

The numbers speak for themselves: a three-year trend of shrinking profits and rising costs for U.S. municipalities — and little evidence that they are a blip.

Trying to encourage conservation, progressive lawmakers and environmentalists have made matters worse. By pushing to increase recycling rates with bigger and bigger bins — while demanding almost no sorting by consumers — the recycling stream has become increasingly polluted and less valuable, imperiling the economics of the whole system.

J’ai toujours considéré le recyclage comme une grosse arnaque. Si nos vidanges avaient de la valeur, des gens voudraient nous les acheter ! Pourtant, le recyclage ce n’est pas une source de revenus, c’est quelque chose qu’il faut payer via nos taxes municipales.

22 juin 2015

La droite scandinave Économie Europe Revue de presse

The Guardian

Denmark swings to the right as centre-left coalition accepts defeat
The Guardian

Denmark’s first female prime minister, Helle Thorning-Schmidt, has conceded defeat and resigned as leader of her party after her coalition government lost the election to the centre-right opposition.

Thorning-Schmidt told party members she will step down as prime minister and leader of the Social Democratic party on Friday after Denmark became the latest European nation to experience a surge in rightwing populism.

The strong showing for rightwing parties in the Nordic nation also delivers David Cameron a potentially vital ally in Europe for his bid to renegotiate the terms of Britain’s membership of the EU. Finland and Norway already have rightwing populists in government.

The defeat for the centre left in Denmark marks a further setback for Social Democrats in Europe, who have had a miserable time in recent years, losing elections in the UK and Germany while facing disastrous poll ratings in France and Sweden.

Amusant de constater que les pays scandinaves, qui sont des modèles pour notre gogauche, basculent tous un par un à droite…

18 juin 2015

On n’arrête pas le progrès Économie International Revue de presse

The Guardian

The spread of western disease: ‘The poor are dying more and more like the rich’
The Guardian

In rich countries, the biggest killers are strokes, heart attacks and cancer, accounting for more than two-thirds of all deaths. But for the poorer world, people often assume that infectious diseases like diarrhea, tuberculosis, Aids, malaria, measles and tetanus are the biggest killers. That is no longer true. While they are still substantial threats, broader availability of medication and vaccines along with higher living standards has caused such communicable diseases to drop dramatically to below 9 million deaths each year.

For the first time, more people in the developing world now die from strokes and heart attacks than infectious diseases. Combined, the diseases that are not infectious – the so-called non-communicable diseases or NCDs – cause almost two-thirds of all deaths in the developing world, about 23 million each year. In short, the poor are dying more and more like the rich.

The good news is that there are tremendous ways to help, which could avoid up to five million deaths each year. Because the NCDs generally have received less attention, the solutions are often very effective and very cheap.

About a billion people on the planet suffer from high blood pressure, causing 9 million deaths. This is not just a disease of the rich world – it affects 46% of African adults. The cost of diagnosis and cheap hypertension medication would be $2.50 per year per capita, so helping the higher-risk patients would cost $500m but avoid 770,000 premature deaths each year. Every dollar invested would do $47 of good.

Parions qu’il y aura des gens à gauche pour dire qu’ils s’ennuient du bon vieux temps où les gens mouraient à 12 ans de dysenterie dans les pays pauvres eu lieu de mourir à 60 ans d’une crise de coeur…

17 juin 2015

Une ville vraiment intelligente Économie International Revue de presse

Financial Times

Singapore rides into the future on crowdsourced bus routes
Financial Times

Singapore has seen the future — and is busily putting it into practice.

From crowdsourced buses, designed to do for public transport what Uber has done for taxis, to virtual doctors conversing with elderly patients while running simple medical tests, the tiny island nation is striding into the digitised era. “Uber is democratising taxis and we want the same for buses, so all transport can be booked,” says Liu Feng Yuan, Singapore’s director of government analytics.

Crowdsourcing of buses will begin this summer, with transport rerouted according to data amassed from commuters’ smart cards. Unlike many similar cards elsewhere, these are tapped on boarding and alighting from buses, providing a fuller picture.

Based on this data, plus passenger feedback, routes will be retraced with fewer stops and — courtesy of expressways — shorter times. Ultimately, the plan is to build into crowdsourcing on demand, where passengers use smartphones to tell buses their locations and, depending on volume, can expect be picked up accordingly.

Pendant qu’à Singapour on est en train d’inventer le futur, à Montréal on veut construire une ville intelligente en faisant la chasse à Uber….

C’est ça le Québec…

16 juin 2015

La sagesse des Suisses Économie Europe Revue de presse

Le Monde

La Suisse dit non à l’impôt national sur les successions
Le Monde

Le vote est sans appel : avec plus de 70 % de « non » selon les résultats partiels, les Suisses s’opposent en bloc à l’introduction d’un impôt national sur les successions. Le référendum, lancé par une coalition de gauche composée notamment du Parti socialiste et des Verts, proposait d’imposer à hauteur de 20 % les successions supérieures à deux millions de francs, soit 1,9 million d’euros.

Un tiers des fonds récoltés aurait contribué à financer le système des retraites. Mais l’idée n’a pas séduit les électeurs, qui ont préféré maintenir en l’état la situation actuelle. En Suisse, les successions sont imposées différemment dans chaque canton : en Valais par exemple, au cœur des Alpes, les héritiers directs n’en paient aucun contrairement au canton de Vaud, dans la région de Lausanne. Les taux sont cependant très faibles, en comparaison internationale.

Mais en supprimant ces différences au sein même de la Suisse, la gauche entendait lutter contre la concurrence fiscale et mieux répartir les richesses dans le pays. La droite, au contraire, craignait qu’un taux fédéral unique ne crée un handicap pour les PME, moteurs de croissance.

« De nouvelles charges et une insécurité juridique accrue auraient été une forme de poison pour nos entreprises », a rappelé l’organisation patronale Economiesuisse. Dans le camp d’en face, la députée socialiste Jacqueline Badran se désole : « La population pense que les personnes très riches sont utiles à la société », dit-elle au journal 24 Heures.

L’impôt national sur les succession est une mesure phare proposée par Thomas Piketty. Encore une fois, ses idées mordent la poussière !

En passant:

En septembre 2010, lors d’un référendum, 59% des Suisses ont dit non à un impôt minimum pour les riches.

En novembre 2013, lors d’un référendum, 65% des Suisses ont dit non à l’imposition d’un plafond salarial pour les dirigeants de compagnie pour réduire les écarts de richesses.

En mai 2014, lors d’un référendum, 76% des Suisses ont dit non à une hausse du salaire minimum.

En septembre 2014, lors d’un référendum, 62% des Suisses ont dit non à la création d’un système de santé entièrement public.

En juin 2015, lors d’un référendum, 70% des Suisses ont dit non à un impôt national sur les successions.

Si ces 5 référendums avaient eu lieu au Québec, je suspecte qu’on aurait eu exactement les résultats inverses. Ce n’est pas un hasard si les Suisses sont riches et que les Québécois sont pauvres…

15 juin 2015

L’austérité fonctionne, une nouvelle preuve Économie Europe Revue de presse

The Wall Street Journal

European Central Bank Economists Find That Austerity Works
The Wall Street Journal

A new paper published by European Central Bank economists argues that it is generally a good idea for countries that need to enact budget cuts and slash fiscal outlays to get it done quickly, as this can reduce the total fiscal pain and stabilize debt more quickly.

“Simulations using plausible assumptions suggest that frontloading consolidation reduces the total consolidation effort and stabilises the debt ratio more quickly, although it does imply larger short-term reductions in output,” write the authors in a paper.

The paper looks at the impact of fiscal consolidation on a country’s output, or what economists call the “fiscal multiplier.” The authors conclude that “even in the presence of a large fiscal multiplier, fiscal consolidation could initially lead to a higher debt ratio, but this effect will typically be reversed within a few years.”

The ECB paper will probably be well received in those eurozone capitals that have “done their homework” (as the Germans like to say) and sharply cut spending in crisis years but are now starting to see their economies return to growth. And it echoes other research the ECB has published backing Europe’s austerity approach.

The Baltic States, as well as Ireland and Spain have worked hard throughout the crisis to cut their deficit levels. For example, Lithuania posted a government deficit of 9.1% of GDP at the peak of the crisis in 2009. In that year, the country’s GDP fell by nearly 15%, but it has grown steadily since then.

L’austérité fonctionne, in your face les cabochons de la gogauche !

11 juin 2015

La décadence latine Économie France Gauchistan Revue de presse

Le Figaro

Les Français ne sont pas très fiers de leur pays
Le Figaro

Les Français ont une piètre vision de la France. Seuls 59% des Français ont une image positive de la France, loin derrière celle qu’ils ont de la Suède (89%), de l’Allemagne (78%), à un moindre degré du Royaume-Uni (67%) et des États-Unis (64%), selon une enquête de l’Institut CSA, réalisée auprès de plus de 2000 personnes. Elle mesure le pessimisme des Français sur la situation de leur pays. D’ailleurs, 26% vivrait ailleurs s’il le pouvait. C’est surtout la situation économique qui les déprime. 88% attendent des changements dans la gestion des finances publiques, 82% pour la fiscalité et le développement économique. Lorsqu’on demande aux personnes sondées, sans leur soumettre une liste de réponses possibles, ce qu’il faudrait changer en priorité, ce sont les instances et le personnel politiques qui viennent en tête (25%).

L’attrait du changement se joignant à la peur de l’avenir, ce sont les jeunes, également les plus touchés par la pauvreté, qui sont les plus enclins à prendre le large pour la Nouvelle-Zélande ou la Chine. A ces pays, où la liberté d’entreprendre leur apparaît plus grande, ils y opposent la morosité de l’hexagone. Là-bas, tout semble possible, les salaires y sont plus intéressants et les évolutions de carrière plus rapides, donc l’avenir meilleur, selon les sondés. Dernièrement, c’est le Moyent-Orient qui attire de plus en plus les jeunes pour des possibilités de carrière plus élargies ainsi que des revenus plus conséquents, selon une étude de HSBC.

Toujours est-il qu’il faut être diplomé pour partir. Car si l’expatriation des Français augmente depuis dix ans, elle concerne davantage les profils qualifiés comme les ingénieurs et les scientifiques possédant un master ou un doctorat.

On voit ce qui se passe en France, au Québec, en Espagne, en Italie ou en Amérique du Sud et on vient à se demander si la décadence économique n’est pas un trait caractéristique des peuples latins…

10 juin 2015

L’industrie des pâtes et papiers est sauvée ! Économie Europe Gauchistan Québec Revue de presse

The Globe And Mail

Grexit and the mysterious case of the near doubling of Fortress Paper shares
The Globe And Mail

A mysterious spike in the shares of a small Canadian pulp and paper stock is rumoured to foretell an exit of Greece from the euro zone.

Fortress Paper’s stock has taken off in recent days despite the lack of any material catalyst, aside from speculation the company is positioned for a deal to print new Greek banknotes.

Greece would only require such a service, of course, were it to withdraw or be expelled from the European Economic and Monetary Union, a fate the country may yet avoid. Linking the stock’s near-doubling to the potential return of the drachma is pure conjecture, but it’s gotten some attention in the absence of any major improvement in Fortress’s operations, its financials or the market it serves.

A portion of the surge in share price may be explained by modest improvements in the woeful global market for dissolving pulp, Fortress’s core line of business. But this is not the first time a spike in Fortress’s trading activity coincided with an escalation of the Greek debt crisis.

Some economists have called for Greece to introduce a parallel currency or return to the drachma should it default on its debt and/or leave the currency union. Its tenuous financial position doesn’t preclude either outcome.

Which is where Fortress Paper could, conceivably, come in.

Le titre boursier de Fortress Paper, une compagnie implantée au Québec, explose en ce moment en bourse parce que si la Grèce fait faillite, elle devra imprimer de l’argent sur du papier produit par cette compagnie !

Avec le niveau d’endettement des gouvernements à travers le monde, j’aurais presque envie de dire que l’industries des pâtes et papiers a un bel avenir devant elle !

9 juin 2015

Les séparatistes sont TOUS les mêmes Coup de gueule Europe Revue de presse

Daily Express

Michelle Mone blasts Nicola Sturgeon over the SNP’s ‘vitriolic cybernats’
Daily Express

Underwear magnate Michelle Mone has blasted the leader of the SNP after being subjected to what she said was a ‘vitriolic’ hate campaign by the party’s supporters. The 43-year-old said she would leave the country after being bombarded with abuse after supporting the ‘No’ campaign in last year’s referendum.

She said: « I found myself caught up in a growing, and extremely vitriolic social media hate campaign after becoming one of only a few business leaders to come out in favour of both nations remaining together. »

« For the first time, I didn’t feel safe in Scotland. I have absolutely no problem with people expressing an opinion, but if you are going to be disrespectful, I don’t want to hear it.

« I was called a ‘****’, a ‘cow’, a ‘slut’, as well as being told, ‘I’m going to get it’ and ‘We’ll come and get you’.

« There is only so much negativity a person can take and, now I’ve moved out of Scotland I feel as if a huge weight has lifted off my shoulders. « I can cope with personal threats and abusive tweets, but the hate shown to anyone who stands up for the Union, or who demonstrates the entrepreneurial passion Scotland is famous for the world over, led me reluctantly to reach the decision to relocate. My increasing international commitments mean it makes more sense for me to live in London, too. »

Le nationalisme c’est exactement la même chose que le fanatisme religieux.

8 juin 2015

Grosse défaite pour les écolos Économie Environnement États-Unis Revue de presse


EPA: Fracking’s no big threat to water

The Environmental Protection Agency’s long-awaited report on fracking dismayed liberal green groups Thursday while pleasing the oil and gas industry — the latest episode in both sides’ fraught relationship with President Barack Obama.

The study, more than four years in the making, said the EPA has found no signs of “widespread, systemic” drinking water pollution from hydraulic fracturing. That conclusion dramatically runs afoul of one of the great green crusades of the past half-decade, which has portrayed the oil- and gas-extraction technique as a creator of fouled drinking water wells and flame-shooting faucets.

Thursday’s congressionally mandated EPA report, a compilation of past studies, found isolated incidents in which water pollution was attributable to the use of fracking. But it failed to back up the idea that fracking poses a major threat to water supplies, contradicting years of activists’ warnings dramatized by images of burning tap water in the Oscar-nominated documentary “Gasland.”

Thomas Burke, EPA’s deputy assistant administrator for research and development, denied charges by multiple green groups that drillers had deliberately stymied the study by withholding key data. The agency had “a generally very cooperative relationship with industry” over the course of its research,” Burke told reporters.

Les images de robinet qui prennent eb feu à cause de la fracturation ydraulique, des conneries inventées par des enverdeurs. Il serait bien que nos politiciens envoient paître tous les Greenpeace et Équiterre du Québec et autorise l’exploitation du gaz de schiste pour donner du travail aux gens !

4 juin 2015

L’austérité en pays nordique Économie Europe Revue de presse

Bloomberg BusinessWeek

Finland Unveils Plan to Plug Budget Hole as Cabinet Formed
Bloomberg BusinessWeek

Finland’s new government announced an economic plan that includes across-the-board spending cuts on everything but defense to plug a budget hole and resurrect the northernmost euro economy.

Prime Minister-elect Juha Sipila of the Center Party spent three weeks hammering together an alliance, which will include Alexander Stubb of the National Coalition as finance minister and euro-skeptic The Finns Party’s Timo Soini as foreign and Europe minister. The government is set to take power on Friday.Finland has “big, painful decisions ahead,” Sipila, a self-made millionaire, said at the press briefing in Helsinki.

The biggest reductions will be made to benefits, a total of more than 1 billion euros by 2020, and social and health-care spending will be cut by about 450 million euros. Education spending will be lowered by about 560 million euros and development aid by 200 million euros. “Austerity will limit domestic demand in the short run but the structural measures should boost confidence and growth over the longer term,” said Pasi Kuoppamaki, chief economist at Danske Bank A/S in Helsinki, in a note.

More than 1 billion euros of impact will come from freezing indexation on various state payments, such as many social benefits, grants to municipalities and funding for universities, which will now remain at current levels.

J’en parle parce qu’au Québec, on aime bien citer les pays scandinaves en exemple.

Du côté de la Finlande, on a de l’austérité, la vraie; pas une version édulcorée comme au Québec…

3 juin 2015

Une autre erreur des réchauffistes Coup de gueule Environnement International Revue de presse

Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics

Extraction of the global absolute temperature for Northern Hemisphere using a set of 6190 meteorological stations from 1800 to 2013
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics


  • Introduce the concept of a valid station and use for computations.
  • Define indices for data quality and seasonal bias and use for data evaluation.
  • Compute averages for mean and five point summary plus standard deviations.
  • Indicate a monotonically decreasing data quality after the year 1969.
  • Observe an overestimation of temperature after including non-valid stations.

Starting from a set of 6190 meteorological stations we are choosing 6130 of them and only for Northern Hemisphere we are computing average values for absolute annual Mean, Minimum, Q1, Median, Q3, Maximum temperature plus their standard deviations for years 1800–2013, while we use 4887 stations and 389 467 rows of complete yearly data. The data quality and the seasonal bias indices are defined and used in order to evaluate our dataset. After the year 1969 the data quality is monotonically decreasing while the seasonal bias is positive in most of the cases. An Extreme Value Distribution estimation is performed for minimum and maximum values, giving some upper bounds for both of them and indicating a big magnitude for temperature changes. Finally suggestions for improving the quality of meteorological data are presented.

Pour ceux qui se sont perdus dans le jargon scientifique, cette étude montre que depuis 1969, les température donné par les station météorologique en Amérique du nord sont significativement sur-estimées.

Ça explique probablement comment Environnement Canada est arrivé à la conclusion que le moi de mai 2015 avait été l’un des plus chaud de l’histoire

2 juin 2015

Le génie humain Économie Environnement Israël Revue de presse

The New York Times

Aided by the Sea, Israel Overcomes an Old Foe: Drought
The New York Times

At the peak of the drought, Shabi Zvieli, an Israeli gardener, feared for his livelihood. Today, there is plenty of water in Israel. A lighter version of an old “Israel is drying up” campaign has been dusted off to advertise baby diapers. “The fear has gone,” said Mr. Zvieli, whose customers have gone back to planting flowers.

As California and other western areas of the United States grapple with an extreme drought, a revolution has taken place here. A major national effort to desalinate Mediterranean seawater and to recycle wastewater has provided the country with enough water for all its needs, even during severe droughts. More than 50 percent of the water for Israeli households, agriculture and industry is now artificially produced.

The turnaround came with a seven-year drought, one of the most severe to hit modern Israel, that began in 2005 and peaked in the winter of 2008 to 2009. The country’s main natural water sources — the Sea of Galilee in the north and the mountain and coastal aquifers — were severely depleted, threatening a potentially irreversible deterioration of the water quality.

Desalination emerged as one focus of the government’s efforts, with four major plants going into operation over the past decade. A fifth one should be ready to operate within months. Together, they will produce a total of more than 130 billion gallons of potable water a year, with a goal of 200 billion gallons by 2020.

Le génie humain peut tout vaincre, même la sécheresse des déserts. Et dire que des peurologues essayent de nous faire peur avec le réchauffement climatique…