15 octobre 2015

Le fameux modèle norvégien Économie Europe Revue de presse

The Economist

Norwegian blues
The Economist

Ii is a capitalist country but it is dominated by state-owned enterprises; it is an oil giant but it eschews conspicuous consumption. For decades this unusual economic model has served Norway well: in 1970 it was in Europe’s middle ranks as measured by income per head. Nowadays, Norwegians are richer than everyone in Europe except the Luxembourgers. However, the model is beginning to run out of fuel.

The oil bust is exposing two weaknesses in the Norwegian model. One is bureaucratisation, born of Norway’s enthusiastic embrace of state capitalism. The government owns about 40% of the stockmarket, with large stakes in Telenor, a big telecoms operator; Norsk Hydro, an aluminium producer; Yara, a fertiliser-maker; and DNB, a bank, as well as Statoil. That leads to a monochromatic corporate culture. The Norwegians like to boast that they lead the world in corporate diversity because firms are legally obliged to reserve 40% of board seats for women. But sexual balance does not make up for cultural uniformity: many of the country’s most senior businesspeople studied together at the Norwegian School of Economics, and still live in each other’s pockets.

The second weakness is the over-ripe welfare state. The public sector employs 33% of the workforce in Norway, compared with an average of 19% for the OECD countries. The state is undermining the work ethic: most people enjoy a 37-hour working week, and three-day weekends are common. In 2011 Norway spent 3.9% of GDP on incapacity benefits and early retirement, compared with an OECD average of 2.2%. Norwegians have coined a verb, to “nav”, meaning to get money from NAV, the state benefits agency.

Norway is fortunate in that it can learn from neighbouring countries, with similar cultures, that have implemented wide-ranging reforms. Sweden, in particular, has reinvigorated its model by shrinking its state, allowing private firms to run its schools, hospitals and surgeries, and reducing its tax burden.

La gauche aime bien nous casser les oreilles avec le modèle norvégien.

Il est toujours bon de leur rappeler que le modèle canadien est supérieur au modèle norvégien.

14 octobre 2015

La transparence climatique Environnement International Revue de presse


UN climate reports are increasingly unreadable

The climate summary findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) are becoming increasingly unreadable, a linguistics analysis suggests.

IPCC summaries are intended for non-scientific audiences. Yet their readability has dropped over the past two decades, and reached a low point with the fifth and latest summary published in 2014, according to a study published in Nature Climate Change.

The study used the Flesch Reading Ease test, which assumes that texts with longer sentences and more complex words are harder to read. Reports from the IPCC’s Working Group III, which focuses on what can be done to mitigate climate change by cutting carbon dioxide emissions, received the lowest marks for readability.

Confusion created by the writing style of the summaries could hamper political progress on tackling greenhouse-gas emissions, thinks Ralf Barkemeyer, who led the analysis and works on sustainable business management at the KEDGE Business School in Bordeaux, France. The readability scores “are not just low but exceptionally low”, he says. (For comparison, Barkemeyer says that the team analysed a few seminal physics papers by Albert Einstein and Stephen Hawking, all of which ranked significantly higher than the IPCC documents on readability.)

C’est comme…

C’est comme si on voulait nous cacher quelque chose…

13 octobre 2015

Taxer les pauvres ? Économie États-Unis Revue de presse

The Wall Street Journal

Bobby Jindal Wants All to Pay Some Income Tax
The Wall Street Journal

Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal, seeking to breathe life into his presidential campaign, is taking a sharply different approach to tax policy than his Republican rivals.

The presidential contender plans to unveil a tax plan Wednesday in Iowa whose goal is to make all citizens pay at least some federal income tax. That puts Mr. Jindal at the center of a long-running debate over who foots the cost of federal spending.

“We simply must require that every American has some skin in this game,” Mr. Jindal said in a written statement. “If we have generations of Americans who never pay any taxes, it will be very easy for them to turn a blind eye to absurd government spending and to continue to allow our government to bankrupt our nation.”

Mr. Jindal takes a different tack on taxes than his GOP rivals, particularly those looking to shield more Americans from paying federal income taxes at all, including former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush and real-estate developer Donald Trump. Mr. Bush would nearly double the standard deduction and estimates under his plan that roughly 15 million additional Americans would “no longer bear any income-tax liability.”

“Jeb [Bush] and [Donald] Trump are campaigning on a promise that they are going to move more people off of the tax rolls,” said Bob Williams of the Tax Policy Center, a joint venture of the Brookings Institution and the Urban Institute. “Jindal is going the other way.”

C’est un point intéressant que fait valoir Bobby Jindal.

Tous les citoyens, riches ou pauvres, devraient payer des taxes. On peut discuter longtemps des taux de taxation, mais pas du fait qu’un citoyen qui ne paye pas de taxe ne pourra jamais prendre de décisions éclairées quand viendra le temps de voter. Influencer le débat public sans y participer monétairement, c’est n’être imputable de rien !

8 octobre 2015

La vieille économie, une espèce (heureusement) menacée ! Économie Environnement International Revue de presse

The Irish Times

How synthetic milk may put cows out of business
The Irish Times

Amid all the post-milk quota hoopla, there is one firm whose production ambition would barely stretch to a bowl of cornflakes.

US start-up Muufri may be sitting on the biggest dairy market disruptor in decades, however – milk, but without the cow or the carbon footprint. The company has worked out a relatively cost-effective way of synthesising milk in the lab.

The process uses bioengineered yeast to produce real milk protein. This is done by adding cow DNA to yeast cells, which are then combined in vats with fatty acids and water to produce milk.

The product is no milk substitute either; it is said to taste exactly like the real thing. The ingredients can also be tweaked to be lower in cholesterol or lactose-free, a significant marketing potential in today’s fat-conscious marketplace.

Muufri, which recently availed of an accelerator programme for start-ups in Cork, is currently perfecting a final prototype, with a plan to go to market in 2017. When it hits the shelves, the product is expected to cost twice the price of normal milk. Its milk is just one of a string of synthetic or value-added dairy products being developed for the global market. Population growth; rising disposable income; more women in the workforce; urbanisation; the adoption of Western dietary habits are all fuelling strong demand for dairy across Asia, Africa and the Middle East.

Rabobank predicts global demand will eclipse supply by 25 billion litres by 2020 – a trade gap that exporting countries, like Ireland, will be keen to exploit.

Quotas de taxis, quotas de musique francophone à la radio, quotas de lait… L’évolution technologique est en train de venir à bout de cette veille économie sclérosée !

7 octobre 2015

La recyclage, une religion Économie Environnement Revue de presse

The New York Times

The Reign of Recycling
The New York Times

Then why do so many public officials keep vowing to do more of it? Special-interest politics is one reason — pressure from green groups — but it’s also because recycling intuitively appeals to many voters: It makes people feel virtuous, especially affluent people who feel guilty about their enormous environmental footprint. It is less an ethical activity than a religious ritual, like the ones performed by Catholics to obtain indulgences for their sins.

Religious rituals don’t need any practical justification for the believers who perform them voluntarily. But many recyclers want more than just the freedom to practice their religion. They want to make these rituals mandatory for everyone else, too, with stiff fines for sinners who don’t sort properly. Seattle has become so aggressive that the city is being sued by residents who maintain that the inspectors rooting through their trash are violating their constitutional right to privacy.

It would take legions of garbage police to enforce a zero-waste society, but true believers insist that’s the future. When Mayor de Blasio promised to eliminate garbage in New York, he said it was “ludicrous” and “outdated” to keep sending garbage to landfills. Recycling, he declared, was the only way for New York to become “a truly sustainable city.”

But cities have been burying garbage for thousands of years, and it’s still the easiest and cheapest solution for trash. The recycling movement is floundering, and its survival depends on continual subsidies, sermons and policing. How can you build a sustainable city with a strategy that can’t even sustain itself?

Le recyclage est une religion et moi je suis fier de dire que je suis laïque. J’ajoute aussi que le politicien qui va me forcer à faire du compostage n’est pas encore né…

P.-S. Je vous invite à lire le texte complet, il est bourré d’informations qui montrent à quel point le recyclage c’est de l’arnaque. C’est publié dans le New York Times, jamais on ne pourrait lire une telle chose dans un média québécois.

6 octobre 2015

L’austérité ça fonctionne, une nouvelle preuve Économie Europe Revue de presse

Le Figaro

Quatre ans après le plan de sauvetage, comment se porte le Portugal ?
Le Figaro

Grâce un plan d’austérite drastique mis en place en mai 2011, l‘économie du Portugal a réussi à se ressaisir. Croissance, emplois, dettes, déficit… Le Figaro fait le point alors que les Portugais sont appelés aux urnes ce dimanche.

Le 18 septembre dernier, Standard & Poor’s relevait la note de la dette du Portugal, passant de BB à BB+. Signe d’une amélioration économique d’un pays qui goute à l’austérité depuis le plan de sauvetage négocié par l’Union Européenne et le FMI, à hauteur de 78 milliards d’euros, en mai 2011. Alors que les Portugais votent ce dimanche dans le cadre des élections législatives, Anibal Cavaco Silva, à la tête du pays depuis 9 ans, peut se féliciter d’une amélioration structurelle de l’économie portugaise grâce à d’importantes mesures de rigueur. À tel point que le Portugal a mis fin à la tutelle de ses créanciers, en 2014.

Au debut de l’année 2011, le Portugal est entré en récession. Le taux de croissance a continué de diminuer pendant plusieurs mois, jusqu’à atteindre un recul de 4,1% en janvier 2013. «La politique d’austerité mise en place en 2011 a permis au pays de retrouver de la croissance au fil du temps, selon Christopher Dembik, économiste chez Saxo Banque. Le gouvernement a recentré l’activité du pays sur les exportations, qui représentent aujourd’hui 40% du PIB portugais. La croissance en variation annuelle a rebondi depuis pour atteindre des niveaux supérieurs à ceux de la France». D’après les dernières estimations du FMI, la croissance devrait s’accélerer pour atteindre 1,4 % en 2015, contre 1,2% pour la France.

Cet article a été publié dimanche avant l’élection. Depuis, on sait que la coalition de centre droit, pro-austérité, a été réélue avec 37% des votes contre 32% pour les socialistes. La coalition de centre droit a fait campagne en promettant de poursuivre sa politique d’austérité.

Mais ça, personne n’en a parlé dans les médias du Québec. Au Québec, on parle uniquement de sélection étrangère quand ce sont des gouvernements gauchistes ou séparatistes qui sont élus. Qu’importe, le Portugal c’est une nouvelle preuve que les politiques d’austérité fonctionnent.

5 octobre 2015

L’éclatante victoire de l’austérité Économie Europe Revue de presse

The Star

Political surprise in eurozone – austerity is a vote-winner
The Star

Upending conventional wisdom, there is now a strong chance that all the European governments that have accepted or implemented unpopular EU/IMF austerity programmes may be re-elected in the coming months or remain the strongest political force.

From Lisbon and Madrid to Dublin, incumbents are gaining ground in opinion polls while the opposition is split among mainstream and radical parties, reducing the prospect of ousting sitting prime ministers and also encouraging investors to buy their countries’ debt.

One explanation is a gathering economic recovery, which is strongest in Ireland and Spain and picking up in Portugal, although unemployment remains painfully high and living standards have fallen for many in those countries. There are several other factors: nervous voters prefer to play safe after taking the pain of spending cuts and tax rises; untried opposition leaders fail to offer a credible alternative to austerity; populist or nationalist parties are sapping the main opposition party everywhere.

Whatever the reason, it looks as if euro zone politicians may have found an answer to the economic reform conundrum enunciated by then Luxembourg Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker in 2007: « We all know what to do. We just don’t know how to get re-elected after we’ve done it. »

L’austérité fonctionne, l’austérité fait gagner des élections, in your face la racaille syndicale !

1 octobre 2015

Les cours de morale Économie France Revue de presse

Le Parisien

Gattaz en a « assez de recevoir des cours de morale» des politiques et syndicats
Le Parisien

Pierre Gattaz [président du Medef, l’équivalent français du conseil du patronat] monte au créneau. «J’en ai assez de recevoir tous les jours des cours de morale d’hommes politiques et de syndicalistes qui n’ont jamais créé un seul emploi dans leur vie» lâche le président du Medef dans une interview au Figaro publiée ce vendredi.

Une réponse sèche à la question de savoir ce qu’il faut faire de plus, en dépit des aides du gouvernement et de meilleures marges, pour que les entreprises embauchent.

«Syndicalistes, députés, politiques, tous ne devraient avoir qu’une obsession : créer de l’emploi. Or, ce n’est pas le cas. Certains sont dans des postures idéologiques d’un autre âge et dans la défense d’appareils. Ce sont des destructeurs d’emplois ! », s’insurge le patron des patrons alors que le ton a viré à l’aigre ces derniers jours entre gouvernement et patronat. «À cause de leur conservatisme fou, ils freinent cet élan de réformes structurelles absolument nécessaires», poursuit-il.

Je me suis dit que ça serait bien d’avoir au Québec un président du conseil du patronat qui aurait le courage de tenir le même discours… Et je me suis rappeler que ça servirait à rien puisque que j’habite au Québec et qu’au Québec, les gens se crissent de l’économie, tout ce qui compte c’est ce sont les foutues histoires de niqab

30 septembre 2015

Réfugiés imaginaires Environnement International Revue de presse

The Daily Telegraph

New Zealand deports would-be first ever ‘climate change refugee’
The Daily Telegraph

Ioane Teitiota argued for four years he should stay in New Zealand because of rising seas that threaten to deluge Kiribati, making it unsafe for him and his family

New Zealand has deported a Pacific islander who launched a failed bid to become the world’s first climate change refugee, the man’s supporters said Thursday.

Ioane Teitiota was sent to Kiribati on Wednesday after exhausting all avenues of appeal in his four-year battle to stay in New Zealand. Mr Teitiota, 39, had argued that he should not be sent back to Kiribati as rising seas threaten to deluge the island nation of 100,000 people, making it unsafe for him and his family. His pastor, Reverend Iosefa Suamalie, confirmed Mr Teitiota’s departure after the expatriate Kiribati community’s last-minute pleas were turned down.

Rev Suamalie said the future was uncertain for Mr Teitiota’s wife and three New Zealand-born children, who are expected to follow him to Kiribati next week.

John Key, the prime minister, this week said Teitiota’s argument lacked credibility and he had to abide by New Zealand’s laws.

« I’m sure people feel for the guy… (but) in my eyes, he’s not a refugee, he’s an overstayer, » he said.

Dans le débat francophone, il paraît que la Dussault a dit qu’il y avait des milliers de réfugiés climatiques…