14 octobre 2015

Achat local Économie En Images International Mondialisation

La semaine dernière, pour illustrer les bienfaits de l’accord de libre-échange Transpacifique (et les méfaits de la souveraineté alimentaire), j’ai parlé du type qui consacré 6 mois de labeur et la rondelette somme de 1 500$ pour la confection d’un sandwich au poulet.

Je reviens a la charge cette semaine avec un autre type qui a décidé de miser sur l’achat local pour se vêtir.

Kelly Cobb, un professeur de Philadelphie a décidé de se fabriquer un complet en utilisant uniquement des matériaux disponibles dans un rayon de 160 kilomètres autour de chez lui.  Cette tâche a nécessité le travail d’une vingtaine de personne sur plusieurs mois, en tout on parle de 500 heures-hommes.  Bref, une tâche colossale.  Voici le résultat:

Vêtement Équitable

Vêtement Équitable

Vêtement Équitable

L’achat local est, dans une certaine mesure, un refus de recourir à une main-d’oeuvre hyper spécialisée. Or, la fabrication en masse de produits de qualité à un prix abordable dépend de l’hyper-spécialisation de la main-d’oeuvre !  L’achat local, le chemin le plus sûr vers la pauvreté.

100-Mile Suit Wears Its Origins on Its Sleeve

14 octobre 2015

La transparence climatique Environnement International Revue de presse


UN climate reports are increasingly unreadable

The climate summary findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) are becoming increasingly unreadable, a linguistics analysis suggests.

IPCC summaries are intended for non-scientific audiences. Yet their readability has dropped over the past two decades, and reached a low point with the fifth and latest summary published in 2014, according to a study published in Nature Climate Change.

The study used the Flesch Reading Ease test, which assumes that texts with longer sentences and more complex words are harder to read. Reports from the IPCC’s Working Group III, which focuses on what can be done to mitigate climate change by cutting carbon dioxide emissions, received the lowest marks for readability.

Confusion created by the writing style of the summaries could hamper political progress on tackling greenhouse-gas emissions, thinks Ralf Barkemeyer, who led the analysis and works on sustainable business management at the KEDGE Business School in Bordeaux, France. The readability scores “are not just low but exceptionally low”, he says. (For comparison, Barkemeyer says that the team analysed a few seminal physics papers by Albert Einstein and Stephen Hawking, all of which ranked significantly higher than the IPCC documents on readability.)

C’est comme…

C’est comme si on voulait nous cacher quelque chose…

8 octobre 2015

La vieille économie, une espèce (heureusement) menacée ! Économie Environnement International Revue de presse

The Irish Times

How synthetic milk may put cows out of business
The Irish Times

Amid all the post-milk quota hoopla, there is one firm whose production ambition would barely stretch to a bowl of cornflakes.

US start-up Muufri may be sitting on the biggest dairy market disruptor in decades, however – milk, but without the cow or the carbon footprint. The company has worked out a relatively cost-effective way of synthesising milk in the lab.

The process uses bioengineered yeast to produce real milk protein. This is done by adding cow DNA to yeast cells, which are then combined in vats with fatty acids and water to produce milk.

The product is no milk substitute either; it is said to taste exactly like the real thing. The ingredients can also be tweaked to be lower in cholesterol or lactose-free, a significant marketing potential in today’s fat-conscious marketplace.

Muufri, which recently availed of an accelerator programme for start-ups in Cork, is currently perfecting a final prototype, with a plan to go to market in 2017. When it hits the shelves, the product is expected to cost twice the price of normal milk. Its milk is just one of a string of synthetic or value-added dairy products being developed for the global market. Population growth; rising disposable income; more women in the workforce; urbanisation; the adoption of Western dietary habits are all fuelling strong demand for dairy across Asia, Africa and the Middle East.

Rabobank predicts global demand will eclipse supply by 25 billion litres by 2020 – a trade gap that exporting countries, like Ireland, will be keen to exploit.

Quotas de taxis, quotas de musique francophone à la radio, quotas de lait… L’évolution technologique est en train de venir à bout de cette veille économie sclérosée !

30 septembre 2015

Réfugiés imaginaires Environnement International Revue de presse

The Daily Telegraph

New Zealand deports would-be first ever ‘climate change refugee’
The Daily Telegraph

Ioane Teitiota argued for four years he should stay in New Zealand because of rising seas that threaten to deluge Kiribati, making it unsafe for him and his family

New Zealand has deported a Pacific islander who launched a failed bid to become the world’s first climate change refugee, the man’s supporters said Thursday.

Ioane Teitiota was sent to Kiribati on Wednesday after exhausting all avenues of appeal in his four-year battle to stay in New Zealand. Mr Teitiota, 39, had argued that he should not be sent back to Kiribati as rising seas threaten to deluge the island nation of 100,000 people, making it unsafe for him and his family. His pastor, Reverend Iosefa Suamalie, confirmed Mr Teitiota’s departure after the expatriate Kiribati community’s last-minute pleas were turned down.

Rev Suamalie said the future was uncertain for Mr Teitiota’s wife and three New Zealand-born children, who are expected to follow him to Kiribati next week.

John Key, the prime minister, this week said Teitiota’s argument lacked credibility and he had to abide by New Zealand’s laws.

« I’m sure people feel for the guy… (but) in my eyes, he’s not a refugee, he’s an overstayer, » he said.

Dans le débat francophone, il paraît que la Dussault a dit qu’il y avait des milliers de réfugiés climatiques…

17 septembre 2015

Finies les sciences humaines (sans math) Économie International Revue de presse

Times Higher Education

Social sciences and humanities faculties to close in Japan after ministerial decree

Many social sciences and humanities faculties in Japan are to close after universities were ordered to “serve areas that better meet society’s needs”.

Of the 60 national universities that offer courses in these disciplines, 26 have confirmed that they will either close or scale back their relevant faculties at the behest of Japan’s government. It follows a letter from education minister Hakuban Shimomura sent to all of Japan’s 86 national universities, which called on them to take “active steps to abolish [social science and humanities] organisations or to convert them to serve areas that better meet society’s needs”.

The ministerial decree has been denounced by one university president as “anti-intellectual”, while the universities of Tokyo and Kyoto, regarded as the country’s most prestigious, have said that they will not comply with the request.

However, 17 national universities will stop recruiting students to humanities and social science courses – including law and economics, according to a survey of university presidents by The Yomiuri Shimbun newspaper, which was reported by the blog Social Science Space.

Si c’est bon pour le Japon (société vieillissante, endettée et à l’économie stagnante), je pense que c’est bon pour le Québec…

P.-S. Un ingénieur ou un informaticien est autant un « intellectuel » qu’une personne qui a gradué en sciences sociales.

16 septembre 2015

Le joyau québécois Canada Économie International Québec Revue de presse

Montreal Gazette

McGill top Canadian university according to new international rankings
Montreal Gazette

McGill University maintained its position as the top-ranked Canadian university in the world even if it dropped down a few notches in the overall standings released in this year’s QS World University Rankings.

Three Canadian universities placed within the top 50 of the survey compiled by the service based in London. According to a statement it issued Monday, it bases its methodology on six indicators including academic reputation, employer reputation and faculty-to-student ratio.

McGill ranked 24th among the 3,539 institutions considered for inclusion this year, which actually represented a slight drop, from 21st last year. The University of Toronto finished 34th and the University of British Columbia placed 50th. Both of those universities dropped several spots in the rankings compared to last year. Université de Montréal also dropped, from 83rd last year to 115th this year. QS attributed a new methodology used for this year’s survey as the reason for the drop in the international rankings for Canada’s top universities. The change includes a modified approach in how it measures citations per faculty, a way of assessing research impact.

Despite the change in methodology, Concordia University’s place increased significantly. This year’s survey places it in a grouping ranked between 411 and 420. Last year it placed in a group rated between 461 and 470.

The top-ranked university in the world was the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, followed by Harvard University and the University of Cambridge.

L’université McGill est non seulement la meilleure université canadienne, c’est aussi la 24e meilleure université de la planète ! Pour retrouver une autre université québécoise dans le classement, il faut descendre en 115e position pour y voir l’Université de Montréal. Bref, l’université McGill fait partie des rares joyaux québécois qui font l’envie des autres pays sur la scène internationale. Si vous voyagez au Japon, vous risquez bien plus de tomber sur quelqu’un qui admire l’université McGill que les CPE québécois…

Pourtant, en début d’année, le boss de Quebecor a trouvé le moyen de dénigrer ce joyau en tenant les propos suivants: « l’État, devraient être plus attentives à ces considérations [de langue et culture] davantage importantes que jouer dans le pseudo palmarès des meilleures universités du monde ». Que ferait le boss de Quebecor avec ce joyau s’il devient premier ministre ?

P.-S. L’université Laval se classe en 324e position. Mais c’est pas grave, à Québec ils ont le plus bel aréna de la planète.

15 septembre 2015

Une autre catastrophe imaginaire Environnement International Revue de presse


Mapping tree density at a global scale

The global extent and distribution of forest trees is central to our understanding of the terrestrial biosphere. We provide the first spatially continuous map of forest tree density at a global scale.

This map reveals that the global number of trees is approximately 3.04 trillion, an order of magnitude higher than the previous estimate. Of these trees, approximately 1.39 trillion exist in tropical and subtropical forests, with 0.74 trillion in boreal regions and 0.61 trillion in temperate regions. Biome-level trends in tree density demonstrate the importance of climate and topography in controlling local tree densities at finer scales, as well as the overwhelming effect of humans across most of the world.

Based on our projected tree densities, we estimate that over 15 billion trees are cut down each year, and the global number of trees has fallen by approximately 46% since the start of human civilization.

La prochaine fois qu’un enverdeur vous dira qu’on est en train de raser toutes les forêts de la planète, vous pourrez rire de lui en lui disant que la plus récente étude publiée à ce sujet montre qu’il y a sur terre 10 fois plus d’arbres que l’on croyait.

9 septembre 2015

Paradis imaginaire Économie International Revue de presse

Daily Mail

Syrian refugees in Uruguay say they want to move elsewhere
Daily Mail

Five families of Syrian refugees granted asylum in Uruguay last year protested outside the president’s offices on Monday, demanding they be allowed to leave the South American country in search of better jobs, even back in the Middle East.

Uruguay accepted the 42 Syrians fleeing civil war in October 2014, but the families said they felt the leftist government had failed to deliver on a promise of good incomes. « I am not afraid to go back to Lebanon, » said 36-year-old Aldees Maher, whose family had initially sought safety in a refugee camp across the border from Syria. « I want a place that guarantees me, my family a life. »

In Uruguay, a secular country with a tiny Muslim population of about 300, the refugees receive housing, health care, education and financial support from the government. Even so, they have struggled to settle in and relations with locals have been strained.

« I don’t have any way of getting a job to earn enough money and look after the family. Before we came, the embassy told us we could earn $1,500 a month, » said Maher.

The refugees hold an identity and travel document that is recognized internationally, but other states can deny them entry.

Au Québec on parle beaucoup d’accueillir des réfugiés syriens, mais rien ne garantit qu’ils voudront rester ici…

3 septembre 2015

Légende urbaine réchauffiste Environnement International Revue de presse

Irish Examiner

Conflicts over water leading to war ‘a myth’
Le Figaro

The doom and gloom predictions of increasing battles around the world over water are a myth, with only a handful of disagreements over shared waters leading to armed conflict, an expert said.

Competition over water has often been cited as having a potential for turning into conflicts between countries fighting to secure the limited resource.

While water is fundamental to development and national security and can contribute to hostile situations, “very few” disagreements have led to conflict, said Therese Sjomander Magnusson of the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI).

“It is a myth that water leads to war,” Sjomander Magnusson, SIWI’s director of transboundary water management, said on the sidelines of a global water conference in Stockholm.

She said that over the last 50 years, there have been more than 1,800 interactions on transboundary basins, including both conflict and cooperation. “Only seven disputes have involved violence,” she said. “During the same time, more than 200 agreements and treaties on transboundary waters have been signed.”

La prochaine fois qu’un bon médias d’ici vous dira que l’eau c’est de l’or et qu’il y aura des guerres pour en avoir, vous pourrez rire un bon coup.