Antagoniste


7 juillet 2014

Le confort… Économie Europe Revue de presse

The New York Times

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Despite High Unemployment, Portugal Looks Far Afield for Workers
The New York Times

Portugal may have 15 percent unemployment, but that does not mean that Reiter Affiliated Companies, an American fruit producer, can find local people to pick berries on its 76-hectare farm here.

Last year, the company, also known as RAC, began a nationwide recruitment campaign and hired 40 Portuguese. Half quit after the first day. By the end of the week, not a single one was left.

“They wanted a job, but this wasn’t what they were looking for, because it was basically too hard for too little money,” said Arnulfo Murillo, the farm’s production manager. “Farming here isn’t harder than in America, but the big difference is that being unemployed in the U.S. is a lot harder and in no way an attractive alternative.”

Instead, the farm has imported a third of its labor force all the way from Thailand — 160 of 450 employees — a more expensive alternative, but one that has filled its ranks.

The reasons the farm work does not appeal to the Portuguese are complex, but they boil down to one simple fact: It makes little economic sense. That predicament says a lot about the challenges facing the country, and much of the rest of Europe, as it struggles to gain economic traction and foster opportunities, especially for its younger generation.

On voit le même phénomène au Québec, malgré le taux de chômage élevé, on fait venir des Mexicains pour travailler dans les champs.

Quand un État omnipotent transforme le filet de sécurité sociale en confortable hamac, il est plus avantageux pour les gens de se faire vivre par les autres que de contribuer à la société… Jusqu’au jour où il ne reste plus assez de gens pour payer le confortable hamac…


2 juillet 2014

Le prix de la verdoyance Économie Environnement Europe Revue de presse

The Daily Telegraph

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Green energy cost hits record high as expensive turbines built at sea
The Daily Telegraph

But new figures show that the average cost for each unit of green electricity has also increased, hitting a record high of £66.97 (122$ Cdn) per MWh in 2012-13, the most recent period for which figures are available. The figure was a rise from £54.26 the year before, despite pledges from ministers to bear down on the costs of green energy.

Dr John Constable, director of Renewable Energy Foundation, a UK charity that has long been critical of the costs of the renewables targets, said: “DECC is subsidising renewables to meet arbitrary and over-ambitious EU targets, so it was inevitable that we would move rapidly up the cost curve once the ‘cheaper' opportunities had either been fully developed like landfill gas or exceeded the limits of public acceptability like onshore wind.”

He added: “Subsidy costs are now spiralling out of control - the annual burn is about £3bn a year and rising fast. There still is a good case for experimenting with renewables, but building so much capacity when the whole sector is still fundamentally uneconomic is bound to end in tears.”

On voit la même chose au Québec. Les surplus d’électricité, conséquence, entre autres, de la multiplication des parcs éoliens, signifient que les prix de l’électricité au Québec vont augmenter de 10% sur 3 ans.

Un jour, la population devra réaliser que constamment dire « oui » aux lobbys écolos a un prix…


30 juin 2014

Le modèle espagnol Économie Europe Revue de presse

The Wall Street Journal

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Spain Unveils Sweeping Cuts on Income, Corporate Taxes
The Wall Street Journal

Spanish leaders who broke their no-new-taxes pledge after taking office 2½ years ago announced sweeping tax cuts on Friday, saying it was time to compensate a recession-battered populace for its sacrifices and boost a nascent recovery.

Budget Minister Cristóbal Montoro, announcing the government’s main economic initiative of the year, said the planned reductions of income and corporate taxes will stimulate investment, creating jobs and making Spanish companies more competitive abroad.

They will also put more money in the pockets of consumers as the ruling, conservative Popular Party moves toward elections, which are expected as early as the end of next year.

Spain’s corporate tax rate would drop from 30% to 25% by 2016. People earning more than €300,000 ($408,000) a year would see their personal income-tax rate fall from 52%, one of the highest in Europe, to 45% in 2016.

Those earning less than €12,450 a year would pay 19% in 2016, compared with 24.75% now.

Les Espagnols ont fini par comprendre. Peut-être que le Québec sera un jour assez allumé pour faire de même…


26 juin 2014

L’économie imaginaire Économie En Citations Environnement Europe

Sigmar Gabriel

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Selon l’inénarrable Gérald Fillion, le dossier est clos: l’environnement stimule l’économie ! Après tout, c’est la Banque mondiale qui l’affirme et toujours selon le désopilant chroniqueur, cette institution ne porte pas à gauche du tout (lol). Qu’en pense l’Allemagne, le pays industrialisé qui a fait le virage vert le plus agressif ? Voici la réponse de Sigmar Gabriel, ministre de l’Économie et de l’Énergie et vice-chancelier allemand:

« La vérité est que la transition énergétique ["Energiewende": plan ayant pour objectif de de faire passer la part de l'électricité verte en Allemagne à 80% d'ici 2050] est sur le point d’échouer. La vérité est que, sous tous les aspects, nous avons sous-estimé la complexité de cette transition énergétique. La noble aspiration d’un approvisionnement énergétique décentralisé et autonome est bien sûr une pure folie ! Quoi qu’il en soit, la plupart des autres pays d’Europe pensent que nous sommes fous. »

Rappelons que le ministre des Finances allemand a déclaré en début d’année que le virage vert était un boulet économique. Le virage vert est aussi tenu pour responsable de l’appauvrissement des ménages allemands.


19 juin 2014

Quand un pays fait faillite Économie En Citations Europe Philosophie

Jens Henriksson

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Jens Henriksson a été le ministre des Finances de la Suède au moment où le pays était menacé de faire faillite (dans les années 90).  Voici comment il se remémore cette époque:

« If you walked into the finance minister’s room, or even the prime minister’s, the TV set was always on. But it was not CNN. It was the text page of the Swedish television showing a minute-by-minute update of the spread on a five-year government bond vis-à-vis Germany. Politics was seeing who could cut the gap with Germany by being toughest on the budget deficit. »

Pour ceux qui l’ignore, la Suède a évité la faillite en privatisant presque intégralement sa sociale-démocratie (ici, ici, ici et ici).


17 juin 2014

La gauche et les pauvres Coup de gueule Économie Europe Gauchistan Revue de presse

The Daily Telegraph

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Soaring energy bills push record number of families into ‘fuel poverty’
The Daily Telegraph

More families are in “fuel poverty” than at any time for a decade, as rising energy bills leave households choosing between heating and eating, official statistics show.

The total number of fuel poor households is projected to have risen by this year, the Department of Energy and Climate Change admitted, leaving more than 10 per cent of all households struggling to stay warm and stay above the poverty line.

Data released on Thursday show that the number of households with dependent children who were classified as fuel poor surpassed the one million mark in 2012 – the highest since records began in 2003, and 66,000 more than in 2011.

The Government defines a fuel poor household as one that needs to spend more on fuel than the national average in order to keep warm, and after spending that amount would be left with a residual income below the official poverty line.

The official data for the years to 2012 show that fuel poor elderly people faced the biggest financial struggle. Couples aged 60 or over were on average £530 short of the cash needed to keep warm and stay above the poverty line.

Des gens devenus pauvres à cause de politiques environnementales qui font augmenter le prix de l’énergie… Un jour, il faudra demander aux gauchistes si le sort des bélugas les plus importants pour eux que le sort des pauvres


12 juin 2014

Avis aux gauchistes: l’austérité ça fonctionne Économie Europe Revue de presse

The Daily Telegraph

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IMF accepts it was wrong on George Osborne’s austerity
The Daily Telegraph

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has abandoned its criticism of George Osborne’s economic strategy and finally agreed that his deficit reduction plan is “appropriate”.

Christine Lagarde, boss of the Washington-based fund, said the IMF had “underestimated” the strength of growth when it assessed the UK economy last year. She repeated that the UK would be the fastest growing of any major economy this year, despite warning of the risks of a housing bubble.

Last year, Olivier Blanchard, chief economist of the IMF, said the Chancellor was “playing with fire” on economic policy. The IMF said the Coalition should unleash more Government spending to boost growth.

“At the IMF we have learned that there is no single best way to reduce the fiscal deficit,” Ms Lagarde said yesterday. “We clearly underestimated the growth of the UK economy in our forecasts a year ago.”

After completing its two-week annual assessment of the UK economy, the IMF said in its so-called Article IV report: “The planned fiscal adjustment this year is appropriate.”

“I couldn’t have put it better myself,” said a triumphant Mr Osborne who declared that the British economy was “firing on all cylinders”.

Noter qu’aucun média québécois n’a jugé bon de rapporter que le Fonds Monétaire International avait enfin reconnu que l’austérité pouvait fonctionner.

Voilà qui amène de l’eau au moulin de Jean Tremblay


10 juin 2014

Temps dur pour pour les écolos Canada Économie Environnement Europe Revue de presse

The Globe And Mail

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Oil sands score win in Europe as EU removes key hurdle
The Globe And Mail

The European Union appears to be backing away from a contentious fuel regulation that would hit oil sands producers, as governments there worry increasingly about their dependence on Russian energy imports.

The European Commission has removed the most contentious part of the fuel quality directive that would impose new hurdles for Canadian imports, and would instead require refiners to report emissions on their feedstock regardless of the source of the crude, according to a draft document seen by Reuters news service.

The apparent change in policy would represent a much-needed win for Canada’s oil sands sector, which has been forced to defend its operations and environmental record against an onslaught of critics opposing both development of the massive northern Alberta resource and the pipelines needed to move it to market.

The Harper government, along with the government of Alberta and the oil industry, has long argued that the proposed European standard would unfairly single out Canadian oil sands crude for its carbon-intensity, while benefiting producers from countries such as Russia and Nigeria despite their questionable environmental practices. And with the ongoing crisis over Russia’s incursions into Ukraine, Canada argues Europe should be embracing its oil as a secure form of energy.

À l’époque, nos médias avaient abondamment parlé de l’intention de l’Union européenne de limiter les importations de pétrole albertain sur son territoire. Maintenant que l’Union européenne renverse sa décision, pour se tourner vers un pétrole éthique, ces mêmes médias sont beaucoup plus silencieux…


21 mai 2014

Le triomphe de la raison sur l’émotion Économie Europe Revue de presse

The New York Times

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Swiss Voters Defeat $24.65 Minimum Wage by a Wide Margin
The New York Times

Swiss voters resoundingly rejected on Sunday a proposed minimum wage that would have been the world’s highest, a move widely seen as reflecting an aversion to state intervention in the liberal economic policies that are the bedrock of Switzerland’s prosperity.

Trade unions had sought a minimum hourly wage of 22 Swiss francs, or $24.65, in what they said was an effort to ensure fair salaries for workers in the lowest-paid sectors, such as retailing and personal services. Switzerland has no national minimum wage.

The proposed rate — considerably higher than elsewhere in Europe and more than double the $10.10 President Obama has sought in the United States — found little support in a national referendum, with 76.3 percent opposed, according to initial results released by the government.

Switzerland, as one of the world’s most prosperous countries and home to major international banks and hedge funds, as well as big chemical, pharmaceutical and machinery companies, might seem an unlikely venue for a debate on wage disparity. But unions argued that many people in the lowest-paying sectors of the economy struggled to make ends meet because their wages had not kept up with a cost of living among the highest in the world.

The vote on Sunday showed, however, that most Swiss do not view low wages as a problem, or at least not one that the government should be asked to fix.

En moins d’un an, les Suisse ont dit non à l’imposition d’une limite au salaire des patrons et à la création d’un salaire minimum.

Bref, les Suisses ont dit non à deux mesures prônées par la gogauche populiste et démagogue, car les Suisses ont pris une décision basée sur la raison au lieu de l’émotion. Limiter le salaire des patrons aurait encouragé l’exode des meilleurs et imposer un haut salaire minimum aurait détruit des emplois permettant aux gens d’accéder au marché du travail.

Ce n’est pas un hasard si la Suisse est l’un des pays les plus prospères du monde.


30 avril 2014

Un boulot à l’italienne Économie En Vidéos Europe

Diminution drastique des impôts des particuliers et des entreprises, coupures profondes dans les dépenses publiques, réduction dramatique du nombre d’élus… Matteo Renzi, nouveau leader de la gauche italienne, propose une révolution économique et politique pour son pays !

De quoi inspirer nos politiciens…


2 avril 2014

L’intégrisme vert Élection 2014 Environnement Europe Québec Revue de presse

The Guardian

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James Lovelock: environmentalism has become a religion
The Guardian

Environmentalism has « become a religion » and does not pay enough attention to facts, according to James Lovelock.

The 94 year-old scientist, famous for his Gaia hypothesis that Earth is a self-regulating, single organism, also said that he had been too certain about the rate of global warming in his past book, that « it’s just as silly to be a [climate] denier as it is to be a believer” and that fracking and nuclear power should power the UK, not renewable sources such as windfarms.

Speaking to the Guardian for an interview ahead of a landmark UN climate science report on Monday on the impacts of climate change, Lovelock said of the warnings of climate catastrophe in his 2006 book, Revenge of Gaia: « I was a little too certain in that book. You just can’t tell what’s going to happen. »

“It [the impact from climate change] could be terrible within a few years, though that’s very unlikely, or it could be hundreds of years before the climate becomes unbearable, » he said.

Talking about the environmental movement, Lovelock says: « It’s become a religion, and religions don’t worry too much about facts. » The retired scientist, who worked at the Medical Research Council, describes himself as an « old-fashioned green. »

L’intégrisme vert est la religion la plus dangereuse pour l’économie du Québec. C’est aussi la seule religion qui est n’est pas séparée de l’État et qui n’est pas ciblée par la charte du régime péquiste…


31 mars 2014

La mine basse Canada Économie Élection 2014 En Chiffres Environnement Europe Québec

Il y a presque un mois, l’Institut Fraser a publié son indice de développement minier, une enquête menée auprès de 690 dirigeants de l’industrie minière pour savoir quels étaient les endroits dans le monde les plus ouverts aux investissements. J’avais prévu parler de cette étude bien avant, mais avec le déclenchement des élections, elle était tombée sous mon radar.

Mieux vaut tard que jamais, alors voici l’indice de développement minier, pour les provinces canadiennes et les pays scandinaves (pays souvent cités en exemple…) avec des ressources minérales. Pas de bonnes nouvelles pour le Québec…

Mine Québec

Quelques constatations plutôt troublantes:

  • Il y a 4 ans à peine, le Québec était confortablement installé en 1ere position, tant au Canada qu’à l’échelle mondiale.  Aujourd’hui, nous avons été relégués au 6e rang au Canada et 21e rang mondial.
  • Le Québec fait moins bien que l’ensemble des pays scandinaves, pourtant des modèles de social-démocraties par notre gauche.  La Suède occupe le 1er rang mondial.
  • Dans la majorité des provinces canadiennes et la totalité des pays scandinaves, l’indice s’est amélioré depuis 2009/2010. Le Québec est l’endroit qui a subi la chute la plus importante de son indice (-21,8%).

Si les provinces de l’Ouest et les pays scandinaves sont riches et que le Québec est pauvre, ce n’est pas à cause du pétrole, mais plutôt parce que le socialisme et l’éco-catastrophisme n’ont pas infecté l’économie leur économie.

Pour prendre la pleine mesure de la détérioration des conditions économiques au Québec pour les entreprises pétrolières, voici l’évolution de notre position dans le classement:

Mine Québec

Une chute vertigineuse. Certaines personnes pourraient croire que l’adoption de la nouvelle loi sur les mines en décembre 2013 pourrait redonner au Québec une place enviable au classement. Personnellement, j’en doute.  La nouvelle loi, fruit de la collaboration entre le régime péquiste et François Legault, représente une réglementation supplémentaire et un boulet économique pour les entreprises minières. Au mieux, on va stopper la chute, mais il sera difficile de remonter au haut de l’échelle.

Et à tous ceux qui se questionnent sur l’utilité d’avoir une industrie minière florissante, voyez par vous-même…

Québec mine

Les gens qui travaillent dans le domaine de l’extraction minière et pétrolière gagnent 1 683$/semaine, presque le double de la moyenne de tous les secteurs, qui se chiffre à 897$/semaine.

Voilà qui devrait être pris en considération dans l’éternel (et inutile) débat sur les redevances. Car les emplois créés et les salaires versés, c’est aussi des redevances !

Sources:
Fraser Institute
Survey of Mining Companies: 2013

Statistique Canada
Tableau 281-0027


31 mars 2014

Opportunité ratée Économie Environnement États-Unis Europe Mondialisation Revue de presse

The Guardian

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European leaders ask Obama to allow increased exports of US shale gas
The Guardian

European leaders on Wednesday asked Barack Obama to share the US’s shale gas bonanza with Europe by facilitating gas exports to help counter the stranglehold Russia has on the continent’s energy needs.

With Russia’s gas monopoly, Gazprom, supplying a quarter of Europe’s gas needs, and almost all of the gas in parts of eastern Europe, the energy issue has soared to the top of Europe’s strategic agenda as a result of the Ukrainian crisis and the fear that the Kremlin will be able to blackmail Europe if a threatened trade war erupts.

Herman Van Rompuy and José Manuel Barroso, presidents of the European council and the European commission respectively, asked Obama to come up with measures that would favour European companies obtaining licences to export US shale gas in liquid form to Europe.

While European access to the US shale gas revolution is currently constrained by American licensing procedures, a successful conclusion of ongoing ambitious trade talks aimed at creating a transatlantic free trade area would also hasten European access to American gas.

Un rappel pour vous dire que personne n’a parlé gaz de schiste dans cette campagne électorale. Une autre opportunité d’enrichir le Québec qui a été ratée… Pendant ce temps, les Américains pourront s’enrichir en exportant leur gaz vers l’Europe…


13 mars 2014

Feu vert au gaz de schiste Économie Environnement Europe

The Guardian

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EU parliament excludes shale gas from tougher environmental code
The Guardian

EU politicians on Wednesday voted for tougher rules on exposing the environmental impact of oil and conventional gas exploration, while excluding shale gas. Member states such as Britain and Poland are pushing hard for the development of shale gas, seen as one way to lessen dependence on Russian gas, as well as to lower energy costs as it has in the United States.

Industry said the new law avoided placing too many restrictions on projects during their early phases when commercial viability is unclear.

“While not imposing unnecessary requirements on the upstream oil and gas industry, the new rules will guarantee that any development, including exploration for shale gas, will be subject to strict environmental standards,” Roland Festor, director for EU affairs at the International Association of Oil & Gas Producers, said.

Shale Gas Europe, which brings together companies such as Chevron, Total and Cuadrilla Resources, also welcomed the law. “Shale gas could potentially play an important role in meeting Europe’s acute energy challenges,” Marcus Pepperell, spokesman for Shale Gas Europe, said.

L’Europe fait tout le contraire du Québec en accueillant à bras ouverts l’industrie des gaz de schiste. Ce n’est pas un hasard si le Québec est si pauvre


12 mars 2014

N’est pas indépendant qui veut… Économie Élection 2014 Europe Québec Revue de presse

The Scotsman

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Scottish independence: Currency union ‘unlikely’
The Scotsman

Concerns over the future of an independent Scotland’s fiscal position, the size of its banking sector and its monetary regime have been highlighted in a report by a global banking group. The publication from Citi also looks at the possible currency and debt arrangements in the event of a yes vote, and considers the strength of Scotland’s credit rating.

It found that an independent Scotland’s fiscal position would be “relatively weak and risky” while a monetary union between Scotland and the rest of the UK is “unlikely”. The report has been compiled jointly by Citi’s economics, rate strategy and political analysis teams ahead of the September referendum.

Citi’s report says: “We regard a sterling monetary union as unlikely but we are genuinely unsure what currency and monetary policy would be adopted by an independent Scotland.“In our view, it is astonishing that the Scottish Government, in seeking independence, has reached this stage: seeking a currency union without agreement with the rest of the UK and without a clear alternative plan.”

It continued: “Overall, we believe an independent Scotland would have a relatively weak and risky fiscal position. This might well produce a sizeable borrowing premium.

Un référendum sur la souveraineté de l’Écosse doit se tenir en septembre… Un exercice qui devrait être pédagogique pour les Québécois…