3 décembre 2009

L’utilisateur payeur Économie En Vidéos États-Unis

Voici comment le système de santé aux États-Unis devrait être réformé:

Le même raisonnement est aussi valable pour le Canada.

3 décembre 2009

L’inquisition climatique En Citations Environnement International

Eduardo Zorita

Eduardo Zorita, climatologue travaillant pour le Institute for Coastal Research au sujet du climategate:

« By writing these lines I will just probably achieve that a few of my future studies will, again, not see the light of publication. […]

I am aware that in this thick atmosphere editors, reviewers and authors of alternative studies, analysis, interpretations, even based on the same data we have at our disposal, have been bullied and subtly blackmailed. In this atmosphere, Ph D students are often tempted to tweak their data so as to fit the ‘politically correct picture’. Some, or many issues, about climate change are still not well known. Policy makers should be aware of the attempts to hide these uncertainties under a unified picture. »

3 décembre 2009

Indicateur économique Économie International Mondialisation Revue de presse

Foreign Policy

The Wal-Mart Effect
Foreign Policy

When India’s first Wal-Mart opened this summer in Amritsar, the response was mixed, with detractors fearing that big-box stores would eventually crowd out India’s fabled « wallah » culture. What no one remarked on, however, was that Wal-Mart’s debut in a country is a bellwether for future growth. Indeed, Wal-Mart has started operations in 15 countries since 1991, and 13 of them have had boom economies, with an average of 4.4 percent annual growth since Wal-Mart arrived. Over the last five years, the economies of Wal-Mart countries outside the United States have grown 40 percent faster than the world average. So what’s going on? Does the ability to buy giant bags of Froot Loops at cut-rate prices inspire economic growth? More likely, Wal-Mart is simply a smart, cautious investor. « Wal-Mart chooses to go places with a sizable middle class, » says Nelson Lichtenstein, a historian who just published a book on Wal-Mart’s rise. And Wal-Mart’s attention to middle-class growth could pay off for the company in the future.

The portion of the global middle class that lives in the developing world should rise from 56 percent in 2000 to 93 percent in 2030, according to the World Bank. Next up for the Wal-Mart effect, Lichtenstein says: Russia and Eastern Europe. Picture the new global bourgeoisie outfitted with cheap hibachi grills, extra-durable puppy toys, and energy-efficient minifridges, and you’ve got a glimpse of the coming Wal-Mart revolution.