L’Institut Fraser a publié le mois dernier son classement 2009 des économies les plus libres de la planète. Tout au long de la semaine, je publierai une série de billets sur les faits saillants de cette étude.

Pour certains catastrophistes, la pollution causée par le développement économique n’apporte que pestilence et désolation…

Well, think again…

Voici l’impact de la liberté économique sur l’espérance de vie et sur l’environnement:



Cette réalité a été bien décrite dans le New York Times (!)

Use Energy, Get Rich and Save the Planet

The richer everyone gets, the greener the planet will be in the long run. I realize this prediction seems hard to believe when you consider the carbon being dumped into the atmosphere today by Americans, and the projections for increasing emissions from India and China as they get richer.

Those projections make it easy to assume that affluence and technology inflict more harm on the environment. But while pollution can increase when a country starts industrializing, as people get wealthier they can afford cleaner water and air. They start using sources of energy that are less carbon-intensive — and not just because they’re worried about global warming. The process of “decarbonization” started long before Al Gore was born.

In general, richer is eventually greener. As incomes go up, people often focus first on cleaning up their drinking water, and then later on air pollutants like sulfur dioxide.

As their wealth grows, people consume more energy, but they move to more efficient and cleaner sources — from wood to coal and oil, and then to natural gas and nuclear power, progressively emitting less carbon per unit of energy. This global decarbonization trend has been proceeding at a remarkably steady rate since 1850, according to Jesse Ausubel of Rockefeller University and Paul Waggoner of the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station.

La liberté économique: pour vivre plus longtemps dans un environnement sain !

Fraser Institute
Economic Freedom of the World 2009 Annual Report