Antagoniste


4 décembre 2007

Étatisme culturel En Citations France Philosophie Québec

Revel

Jean-François Revel au sujet de l'état et de la culture:

En pratique, exception ou diversité culturelles sont en Europe et surtout en France des noms de code désignant les aides et les quotas. Sériner que "les biens culturels ne sont pas de simples marchandises", c’est se vautrer dans la platitude. Qui a jamais prétendu qu’ils le fussent ? Mais ils ne sont pas non plus de simples produits du financement de l’Etat ou alors la peinture soviétique aurait été la plus belle du monde. Les avocats du protectionnisme et du subventionnisme se contredisent. Ils font tout ce tintamarre, disent-ils, contre l’argent. Et, en même temps, ils plaident que la création est conditionnée par l’argent à condition qu’il s’agisse d’argent public. Or, si le talent a parfois besoin d’aide, l’aide ne fait pas le talent. "Regardez le cinéma italien, nous explique-t-on. Faute d’aides, il a quasiment disparu. Mais dans les années d’après-guerre, la cause de son éclat ne s’appelait pas subvention : elle s’appelait Rossellini et De Sica, Blasetti et Castellani, Visconti et Fellini". C’est également à l’imagination des créateurs et non aux chèques des ministres que le cinéma espagnol doit son essor des années 1980. Et si le cinéma français a reconquis en 2001 la première part du marché dans ses frontières et des succès au dehors, ce n’est pas pour avoir été plus subventionné que naguère, c’est pour avoir produit une poignée de films dont la qualité est perceptible par le public, et pas seulement par les auteurs.


4 décembre 2007

Top 5 USA États-Unis Top Actualité

Le Top 5 de l'actualité américaine (25-30 novembre) selon le Pew Research Center:

Actualités États-Unis

Rock 'em, Sock 'em Republicans Fuel Big Week of Campaign Coverage

Overall, campaign coverage filled 19% of the newshole as measured by PEJ’s News Coverage Index for the week of Nov. 25-30. The story led in all five media sectors and generated the most attention (29%) on cable. The week proved to be the second-biggest one for election coverage in 2007, trailing only the period of Nov. 11-16, when the subject accounted for 21% of the newshole.

The Mideast gathering at Annapolis, the Bush administration’s most ambitious effort at Arab-Israeli peacemaking, was the second-biggest story of the week, at 8%. That was followed by the Nov. 30 hostage standoff, that ended peacefully, at Hillary Clinton’s Rochester New Hampshire campaign office (5%). The fourth-biggest story was the situation in Pakistan (5%) where last week President Pervez Musharraf stepped down as military chief. And news of the U.S. economy, which last week included hints of another interest rate cut, finished fifth at 4%.

With this No. 1 showing, the 2008 campaign continued a run of intense coverage. The subject has registered as the No. 1 story in four of the five weeks from Oct. 28 through Nov. 30. It is noteworthy that the five-week interval began with an Oct. 30 Democratic debate at which Hillary Clinton’s challengers attacked her vigorously, inspiring more pugilistic metaphors in the media. (NBC’s Andrea Mitchell, for example, ventured that Clinton was still “acting tough” after “getting punched around” in that debate.)

Even before the Republican debate in Florida last week, Giuliani and Romney—the former is leading national polls while the latter is doing better in Iowa and New Hampshire—had made news by criticizing each other in increasingly aggressive terms.

With the caption reading “Gloves Off,” NBC’s Nov. 26 nightly newscast reported that the two candidates had “hit each other and hit each other hard” in recent days. After reporting that Giuliani had attacked former Massachusetts Governor Romney on the issue of crime in that state, NBC correspondent David Gregory added that “Romney, eager to exchange blows with Giuliani, fired back.”

That dynamic carried over into the Nov. 28 debate, where the tone was set by a Romney-Giuliani exchange over immigration. Romney accused Giuliani of running a “sanctuary city” for illegal immigrants when he was mayor of New York. Giuliani responded by accusing Romney of operating a “sanctuary mansion”—a reference to the illegal workers who helped out around the former Massachusetts Governor’s home. The exchange proved irresistible for reporters.

The headline on the front-page New York Times Nov. 29 debate analysis featured even more boxing lingo: “G.O.P. Rivals Exchange Jabs in Testy Debate.”

One other message that came out of that debate—the continuing rise of former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee—was prominent in both the Times story and a Los Angeles Times story a day later.

“The debate also reflected a news reality in the Republican race,” the New York Times said. “Mike Huckabee…played a central role, demonstrating how he had come from behind to show strength in several recent polls of Iowa caucus goers.”

“On Thursday, Huckabee savored strong reviews for his performance the previous night in the CNN-YouTube debate at which the former Arkansas Governor delivered one-liners, played up his humble roots and proposed abolishing the IRS in favor of a national sales tax,” added the Los Angeles Time account.

Source:
journalism.org
Rock 'em, Sock 'em Republicans Fuel Big Week of Campaign Coverage