Donnés relatives à la richesse (PIB/habitant) en Amérique du Nord:
Si on considère chaque province et état comme une région indépendante, en Amérique du Nord les 10 régions les plus riches sont (constant 2000 USD PPA):
- District of Columbia: 119 196$
- Delaware: 58 037$
- Connecticut: 46 956%
- Alaska: 45 996$
- Massachusetts: 43 525$
- New Jersey: 42 882$
- Wyoming: 41 732$
- Alberta: 41 529$
- New York: 41 025$
- Minnesota: 39 036$
Les 12 régions les moins riches sont:
- Île-du-Prince-Édouard: 21 58$
- Nouveau-Brunswick: 22 960$
- Mississippi: 23 450$
- Nouvelle-Écosse: 23 722$
- Virginie Occidentale: 24 261$
- Manitoba: 25 125$
- Arkansas: 25 701$
- Québec: 26 003$
- Montana: 26 207$
À l'échelle des pays de l'OCDE:
Urban and rural regions: an increasing gap
GDP per capita tends to be higher in urban regions than in rural and intermediate ones. In 2003, GDP per capita in OECD urban regions was 51% higher than each country’s average; in intermediate and rural regions it was only 77% and 64%, respectively, of the national average.
This gap widened during 1998-2003. Urban regions increased their advantage over intermediate and rural regions in 9 out of 22 OECD countries, while rural regions saw the gap increase in 5. The increase in urban regions was particularly large in Hungary (19 percentage points), the Slovak Republic (5), Greece (4) and Denmark (3). Norway (–13), Portugal (–4), Sweden and the Czech Republic (–2) were the only countries showing a significant reduction in the GDP gap in favour of urban regions.
The relative decrease in GDP per capita was particularly strong in the intermediate regions of Finland (–5 percentage points), Korea and Greece (–4), and Belgium (–3). A significant improvement in the relative position of intermediate regions was instead apparent in Norway, Hungary, Portugal, Sweden and Turkey (3).
Hungary and Turkey were the two countries with the largest decrease in the relative GDP per capita of rural regions (–7 and –4 percentage points, respectively), whereas the Czech Republic (9) and Korea (6) showed a significant improvement for rural regions.
L'occident en chiffres: l'éducation